Trucks and Trailers
– The aluminum industry has made substantial in-roads to incorporate aluminum, as a replacement for steel, into the design and construction of trailers, significantly reducing the weight, while increasing the fuel efficiency and payload of the fleets. Integrating Fi-BarTM into the aluminum structural components of trucks and trailers may increase the strength of aluminum between 10 and 15 times depending on the Fi-BarTM fibers selected for the specific application. Additional focus by ACF centers on integrating Fi-BarTM into the drive-train components, which will further reduce the weight and increase the efficiency and longevity of the engine, transmission, and axles (drive train).
Diesel Particulate Air Filters
- The total global emissions of carbon in a "black carbon" form is 7.5x106 metric tons/yr (Yr. 2000 data). On-road and off-road diesel engines contribute about 70% of emissions in Europe, North America, and Latin America. Diesel Particulate Matter (DPM) is the particulate component of diesel exhaust. Particulate filters on the market are relatively efficient (~90%); however they tend to be bulky and very expensive. The application of Fi-BarTM in particulate filters is expected to reduce the size and weight of the filters, increase the efficiencies to more than 95%, and reduce the cost/filter. ACF’s concept for particulate filters is envisioned in both recyclable and disposable cartridges. ACF’s novel Fi-BarTM fiber technology may enable the fabrication of low-cost, diesel filters with optimal conditions for trapping DPM of different sizes and producing cleaner air.
– Major corporations in the aluminum industry are working together to discover alternative methods of replacing steel with aluminum components in the fabrication of vehicles recognizing that reductions in weight translate directly to improved fuel efficiencies (example: a 10% reduction in weight = 5-7% increase in fuel savings). Aluminum is currently being used in light duty vehicles. Reduced Mass, Mid-size, Cross-over, and Utility vehicles can meet all design objectives: size, functionality, safety, and performance by manufacturing the closures, chassis, suspension, and brakes from aluminum. The addition of the very high strength to weight ratio of Fi-BarTM to these components can add strength while further reducing the overall weight of the vehicle.
Auto/Truck Body Panels & Parts
– Body panels, currently made of steel, could be fabricated using Fi-BarTM weave formed between aluminum sheets, reducing weight and increasing strength. Brake discs can benefit from the inclusion of Fi-BarTM into the base metal due to its unique material characteristic of withstanding extreme temperatures.
Vehicle Drive Train Components
– "Powertrain Optimization", additional weight reductions can be achieved by including Fi-BarTM in the fabrication of the major drive train components, i.e., engine, transmission, axles, wheels, etc. "High volume, all-aluminum cars and trucks will increasingly enter the marketplace in the next five years", (DriveAluminum.org).
- International shipments of goods and materials rely heavily on steel shipping containers to safely transport heavy cargo. These containers come in a variety of sizes, weights, and materials designed for specific applications. Those measuring 20 and 40 feet are used to transport ocean freight. Typically, the cargo’s weight should not be more than the container’s maximum permissible weight. However, when Fi-BarTM fibers are incorporated into the steel or aluminum containers their weights could be reduced and their strength can be increased. That can result in more cargo per container and lower shipping costs.
"Transforming the Reinforced Materials Marketplace!"